Poker Chips Values and Colours

Poker is among the most popular online and offline casino games. Understanding the gameplay begins by knowing the poker chip values. Everything, from the rules to the strategies, depends on them.

You cannot walk up to a poker table and start playing with cash. The dealer receives your money and gives you the exact value of poker chips. Then, you can join the game and start betting with them.

A poker chip's value is tied to its colour, as you have seen multiple times in the game. We will run through the typical values for cash games and tournaments. Afterwards, we will see how they differ across different regions.

The Regulated Poker Chips Value and Assigned Colours

As mentioned earlier, you cannot place real cash on a poker table. The introduction of chips resulted in the standardisation of gameplay. However, there is no standard for the colours or poker chips value.

Casinos can develop their own ranking system for the chips value in poker. Hence, you must first know how the dealer ranks the coins before you get your bets rolling.

For better understanding, we will tackle this topic from two angles: poker chips and colours. We can easily recognise colours since the coins are often the same size. What, then, are the poker chips' values?

The Value of Poker Chips

Poker chipsCasinos assign a monetary value to their coins. Players get them for gameplay by exchanging money. Once collected, they can approach the table games and enjoy the thrill.

You might get chips for ₱1,000, ₱500, ₱100, ₱50, ₱25, or even ₱1. These values depend on the casino’s grading system for their bets. Nevertheless, you might still see ₱100,000 or ₱5,000 in casino currency.

Placing bets with these coins is simple. Simply add them to get the total amount you want. Some operators may print the corresponding cash value on the chips for easier identification.

Home games, cash games, and tournaments may have different designations. However, one thing is sure: You will always know their denominations.

Poker Chips Value per Colour

Poker chips with various coloursColours differentiate casino coins since they are often the same size. It is visual enough for everyone to recognise at a moment’s notice. Again, operators are at liberty to select the colours for their chips.

The favourite colours are white, red, green, black, blue, purple, yellow, pink, and orange. You might find different shades of them to represent more specific denominations.

Each colour represents a specific cash value. As a result, you will often see players with different coloured coins on the table. Colours are easier to recognise, and they are ideal for easy monitoring.

The Denominations

Various casino chips

Most poker games only require four to five coin denominations on the table. As a result, operators carefully designate cash values for the standard betting ranges.

Let us identify the value of poker chips by colour. Again, their values are operator- or game-dependent. The values could be as follows:

  • White: ₱1
  • Yellow: ₱2
  • Blue: ₱5
  • Grey: ₱20
  • Green: ₱25
  • Orange: ₱50
  • Black: ₱100
  • Pink: ₱250
  • Purple: ₱500
  • Yellow, burgundy, or grey: ₱1,000
  • Light blue: ₱2,000
  • Brown: ₱5,000

Although the above values represent the most common denominations, they may change depending on the game’s buy-in value. The white coins may represent 25 cents for a simple home game, which is lower. If the buy-in starts at ₱50, then the designations may vary.

Assigning Poker Chips in a Game

The coin denominations are explicit, but the dealer must assign them according to your cash deposit. There are no rules for this, but casinos often adopt the best way to represent your cash value.

For a 4-chip distribution, you might get the poker value chips in the ratio 1:2:3:4. The lowest poker colour chips value will be four, as opposed to the highest denomination. Let's look at an example.

If you start a game with 300 chips, 120 will be white, 90 will be yellow, 60 will be blue, and the remaining will be grey. Often, the largest denomination is fewer than the rest.

The denominations you have will depend on the size of your bet. For high-roller scenarios, you may not find lower-tier coins below ₱50. That is because the stakes are usually in the thousands.

How Casinos Prevent Fraud

Casino chips seen through a magnifierAt this point, you might wonder if a player can bring chips from outside. Doing that will amount to cheating the casino and other players. As a result, operators implement a unique identification system for their poker chips colour value.

Casinos often have unique colouring or markings on their poker chips for easy identification. Also, you will get all your coins on the table for better control.

The more advanced casinos will have CCTV systems to monitor all activities. Of course, you don’t need to worry about these when you play online video poker. You could be miles away in a live game.

Chip identification and control become crucial for physical casinos. We want to touch on the fact that operators can print the denominations directly on the coins. Together with the colouring system, identifying their values becomes easier.

Another technique casinos use to prevent cheating is regularly changing the colours. The operators may even go as far as refreshing the design and logo. So, you could return to a betting house in a few months and find new coins.

Cash Games and Tournament Poker Chips Values

Casinos do not use the same chip colours for tournaments and cash games. Both scenarios have different betting systems. For cash games, the chips represent the exact value of the bets from players.

Tournaments have a different system where players buy-in for a specific amount. Their starting chip stacks can be far from the money they deposited. Nevertheless, there are other reasons casinos separate them.

Like bringing coins from outside, players may want to bring coins from cash games to tournaments. With the differentiating system in place, that will be impossible.

Also, players can keep casino poker chips as their own, with no monetary value. That could be memorabilia or something.

On the contrary, tournament coins remain under high security until D-day. They are exclusive to the casino, and players only touch them during the tournament.

Cash games and tournaments have different poker chip colours and denominations. Tournaments often require higher denominations than cash games. Hence, the colours will be different in both gameplays.

Also, it is not surprising to find the tournament's name engraved on the coins. For instance, you may discover the World Poker Tour or the World Series of Poker on them when playing the game.

With that in mind, let's look closely at how cash games differentiate the value of poker chips by colour.

Poker Chips for Cash Games

Poker chips and cashDifferent cash games use poker chips in casinos. Most will use the same denominations and col our system for their gameplay. Again, there is no global rule for assigning values and colours to the coins.

The ₱100 black chips appear to be the norm in most establishments. Other colours, like red, have universal recognition and often refer to the same denomination.

Bearing that in mind, the following are the popular colours and their denominations in cash games:

  • White: ₱1
  • Yellow: ₱2
  • Red: ₱5
  • Blue, orange, or brown: ₱10
  • Green: ₱25
  • Black: ₱100
  • Pink: ₱250
  • Purple: ₱500
  • Yellow, burgundy, or grey: ₱1,000
  • Light blue, red, or orange: ₱5,000
  • Brown, dark blue, or dark green: ₱25,000
  • Grey or light blue: ₱100,000

Local betting regulatory bodies have jurisdiction over the most crucial aspects of casino currencies. As a result, operators must register the logos, colours, weights, designs, materials, and sizes. This law is dependent on the state or region.

One significant addition joined the family for more straightforward gameplay in high-stakes games. Operators introduced rectangular plaques to add to the poker chips.

The rectangular plaques have a significant monetary value that will require several high-end chips to add up to. They have become high rollers’ favourites because of their exclusivity and immense monetary value. In other words, you can think of stakes worth hundreds of thousands of pesos when you see these plaques.

Poker Chips for Tournaments

Banknotes and chipsAs mentioned earlier, poker chip denominations work differently for tournaments. They don’t represent the actual amount in real cash. Once in, you will see the prefix T₱ on them.

Let us see an illustration. A player may buy into a poker tournament with ₱500 and receive 50,000 in chip value poker. The operator will spread these chips across different colours and denominations.

What happened above means the player has T₱50,000 to wager in the tournament. That amount is different from the actual cash deposited for the event. Nevertheless, the operator will use that amount to track the distribution and the stack sizes.

The World Poker Tour chips value is printed at the centre of the coins. As a result, you can identify them without looking at the colours. Local casinos may also print their values.

Notwithstanding, you should note the following:

Chips with High Value

High value casino chipYou will rarely find high-value poker coins in cash games. That is because players rarely bet much when playing them. If you find high-value coins, they will come in the form of rectangular plaques, as discussed above.

Tournaments often involve massive prize pools. Hence, casinos must have enough coins to go around all the players. Among them are high-value chips reserved for high-end gamers.

Colour-Ups and Manageable Stacks

Stack of chipsWe have identified the crucial role colours play in poker coins. They help the dealer and staff identify which denominations a player has. However, the remaining players accumulate extra coins from losing or withdrawn players.

The stacks can quickly increase and become unmanageable. That gets worse if the pile consists of lower denominations than needed for the bets. As the blinds increase, the tournament staff will replace smaller denominations with higher ones.

Doing that helps the players and dealers manage the coin stacks easily. This practice is a crucial part of poker tournaments.

Coin Stacking

Chip stacksDealers and players stack poker coins by colour. It is standard practice to ensure organisation at the game table. Often, you would find them stacked in their 20s.

The reason for stacking chips by colour is for quick identification. Players should quickly identify each other’s bet amounts. Of course, that will help to assess the odds and make betting decisions.

Multi-coloured Coins

Multi-coloured casino chipsThroughout this article, we have discussed single-coloured coins representing specific denominations. That is only sometimes the case, as some tournaments may have a multi-coloured design. It adds some flair to the event.

One primary colour will be at the centre of the chip, but the outer part will have different colours. It could be two or more colours depending on the provider and style. There are no regulations prohibiting the use of multi-coloured casino chips.

The World Series of Poker at Rio is a perfect example of where multi-coloured poker chips were in play. They had black as the primary colour, but with blue highlights. Seeing them from the top or side revealed their black nature.

However, stacking them in perfect alignment brought the secondary colours to the forefront. It was up to the organisers to decide whether it was to make the event more colourful.

Multi-coloured coins are rare in cash games. Casinos typically reserve them for tournaments. Still, there is no guarantee of finding them.

Cashing in Chips for Money

casino chips and a magnifierWe have repeatedly mentioned that tournaments' poker chips differ from monetary deposits. Indeed, there must be a way to classify them. Their values or denominations correspond with the blind structure of the tournament.

While they don’t have cash value, the blind structure controls their distribution. You cannot cash in tournament chips for real cash, even though they show their tournament value.

Typical Poker Tournament Coin Values

Casino chips with various valuesAlthough the values are tournament-specific, some colours have become synonymous with specific values. The coins often start at T₱25 and can go up to a million. Their denominations are as follows:

  • Green: 25
  • Black: 100
  • Light blue or Purple: 500
  • Gold or Yellow: 1,000
  • Grey or Orange: 5,000
  • Brown or Dark Green: 25,000
  • Lavender or Pink: 100,000
  • Red: 500,000
  • Light Yellow: 1,000,000

Tournaments often reserve higher-value coins for the later stages. Then, the players are fewer, and the stakes are higher.

As the blinds rise, organisers will release big coins with higher values. They may share the same colours with the lower-tier options, but their size makes them unmistakable. Even with their colours, you can still pick them out as high-end coins.

Of course, you can always look at the coins to read their numerical values. There is no need to rely only on the colours to figure out their denomination.

Technological Advancement in Poker Casino Chips

Old and new casino chipsCoins are very much the currency in casinos. You cannot use physical cash when betting on games. Instead, you exchange your money for the corresponding value in coins.

The design and material for casino chips have come a long way. While the modern ones look sleek and colourful, they are only sometimes like that. The first ones were made of clay.

Using clay presented challenges, such as brittleness. As a result, betting houses had to replace them frequently. That called for a more durable material: clay composites.

Most coins in circulation today are made from mineral clay with additives. It gives the game a traditional feel when stacking and shuffling. For that reason, many players prefer them to high-end and more expensive ceramic models.

Home games do not require professional clay chips. Players can easily pass off with plastic builds, which are also more affordable. Notwithstanding, newer ones come with metal inserts and clay elements for added weight and a more traditional feel.

The most expensive coins are those with radio frequency identification (RFID). They use electromagnetic fields for tracking and are essential for theft prevention.

Casinos can track a player’s moves at the table more easily than with traditional chips. That could help in spotting cheating quickly. Nonetheless, manufacturing these models comes at a high cost.


Poker chips are the currency for playing games at casinos. The operators will award an equivalent value in coins when a player makes a deposit. Then, the player can use them on poker tables.

Colours are the primary distinguishing factors between chip denominations. However, there is no standard for what value each colour represents. Casinos may use similar colours for a denomination, but the selection depends on them.

Plaques are used when the stakes of a poker game have become extremely high. In such scenarios, the poker chips could become too much on the table, leading to disorganisation. To curb that, casinos introduced plaques that carry higher values than chips.

Tournaments don’t give out chips according to the player’s deposit. Instead, they rate them differently. A T₱25 poker tournament chip might not equal a ₱25 deposit.

Players cannot use cash game coins for tournaments. That is a prohibited practice in casinos, as there are different chips for the two sections. Hence, you will receive new coins when you leave the cash game tables for the tournaments.

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Ara Bernier

Author: Ara Bernier
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Ara is a marketing manager currently residing in the city of Marikina in the Philippines. She is outgoing and creative. Her hobbies include fashion, travelling, and taking stunning photos for her Instagram influencer account. Ara’s mission is to help others using her marketing know-how. As a person who has knowledge of how to market herself, Ara knows a thing or two about marketing her client’s company, products, and services.

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